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There is no one solution for drive systems that covers all applications.
There will be no "single technology" that is more suitable than others for all individual applications. In the future there will also be certain cases in which a lead battery or internal combustion engine will be the best financial solution.
The still complex nature of the technology and the lack of a pervasive infrastructure needed for hydrogen supply will prevent fuel cell technology from achieving a breakthrough in industrial trucks.
Use of hybrid technology in industrial trucks cannot be justified at current and anticipated energy prices. Hybrid technology would not become a cost-effective alternative in the segment of especially large, heavy industrial trucks unless prices rose sharply and unexpectedly.
Costs for lithium-ion cells will fall drastically due to mass production and industrial manufacturing.
Lithium-ion batteries will first make inroads financially in trucks working in three-shift operation.
Future trucks will be designed so that they can be fitted either with lead batteries or with lithium-ion batteries. Approval of defined types by the truck manufacturer is mandatory for safety reasons.
In the long term, the extremely low space requirement of lithium-ion batteries will facilitate completely new truck concepts in terms of dimensions and ergonomics.
Future regulations and legislation will result in demonstrable reduction of CO2. Lithium technology will make a significant contribution to this accomplishment.